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  1. Military Conflicts and Wars
Lesson Plans
  1. Afghanistan and International Terrorism Lesson Plans (PBS)
      Provides lessons related to Afghanistan, international terrorism, and creating world peace. 11-01

  1. Afghanistan (Political Resources)
      Provides links to political resources regarding Afghanistan and the Taliban. 9-00

  1. History of Afghanistan (
      Provides information from pre-history (50,000 BCE) to 2001.

  2. Maps of Afghanistan (ReliefWeb)
      Provides maps, in terms of human needs in the area.

  1. -Editorial: The Global Crisis of Stunting (
      "Stunting, or stunted growth, is the result of chronic nutritional deficiencies. A stunted 5-year-old is four to six inches shorter than a non-stunted peer. But lost height is the least of concerns: a stunted child, for instance, is nearly five times more likely to die from diarrhea than a non-stunted child because of the physiological changes in a stunted body. Stunting is also associated with impaired brain development. A typical stunted brain has fewer cells. The cells themselves are somewhat smaller, and the interconnection between them is more limited. This means lasting impaired functioning, which leads in turn to significantly reduced learning. Considering the severe effects, stunting has received far too little attention for far too long."

      "Stunting is so common in some areas that it is sometimes mistaken for a genetic heritage, rather than a preventable condition. Just 21 countries straddling the globe account for more than 80% of the problem around the globe. In six countries Afghanistan, Burundi, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Timor-Leste and Yemen 50% or more of all children under age 5 suffer from this condition. In Afghanistan, a staggering 59% of children under age 5 are stunted."

      "How can a community, a nation or a continent ever hope to develop to its full capacity if its children cannot? In all conscience, how can those of us in societies not so afflicted withhold our help to combat stunting in the developing world? We know how to address the problem by providing expectant mothers, newborns and very young children nutrients such as proteins, fat and vitamins and minerals such as vitamin A, iron and zinc." 02-12

  2. Abuse of Girls in Afghanistan (MSNBC News)
      "Although baad (also known as baadi) is illegal under Afghan and, most religious scholars say, Islamic law, the taking of girls as payment for misdeeds committed by their elders still appears to be flourishing. Shakila, because one of her uncles had run away with the wife of a district strongman, was taken and held for about a year. It was the district leader, furious at the dishonor that had been done to him, who sent his men to abduct her." 02-12

  3. Afghanistan (
      Provides a profile by topic, including Economy, Defense, Geography, Government, People, National Anthem, Lyrics and Related Links. Provides a map and a flag. 6-02

  4. Afghanistan (Library of Congress)
      Provides a profile by topic.

  5. Afghanistan (Library of Congress)
      Provides a history of the country, including culture, government, economy, and more. Also includes geographic information.

  6. Afghanistan (U.S. State Department)
      Provides a history of the country, including culture, government, economy, and more.

  7. Geneva Convention on Treatment of Prisoners of War (University of Minnesota)
      Provides the rules, accepted by most countries, for treatment of prisoners of war. Killing, torturing, starving, injuring, mistreating, or failing to provide medical assistance to a prisoner of war is a war crime.

  8. History of Afghanistan (New York Review of Books - Mishra)
      Describes the different political and military movements in Afghanistan in the 20th century that led to the current war. Published in 2001.

  9. Loya Jirga - A History (BBC News)
      A loya jirga is "a forum unique to Afghanistan in which, traditionally, tribal elders - Pashtuns, Tajiks, Hazaras and Uzbeks - have come together to settle affairs of the nation or rally behind a cause."

  10. Osama bin Laden Political History (PBS Frontline)
      Provides a rather detailed history of Osama bin Laden's life and involvement in politics. The story is expressed in "broken" English, with many grammatical errors. The source of information is a close associate of bin Laden's and reveals a great deal about the political climate and stuggles within Afghanistan and the region. The story contradicts a number of accounts of bin Laden, such as that he worked with or was trained by Americans. It also explains his relationship with his family and the Saudi regime differently from other public accounts. It states that the American retaliation for bombings of American embassies in 1998 unified Muslims in the region against the USA. The American retaliation was considered so incompetent that it must have been a deliberate attack against the Muslim religion instead of against bin Laden. Written in 2001.

  11. Shah, Mohammad Zahir (
      Provides a short biography of the former king of Afghanistan.

  12. Shah, Mohammad Zahir (Afghanpedia)
      Provides a short biography of the former king of Afghanistan.

  13. Women's Rights in Islam (
      Provides a summary of women's right as presented in the Qur'an and Hadith. Examples of rights include "the right and duty to obtain education, the right to have their own independent property, the right to work to earn money if they need it or want it, equality of reward for equal deeds, the right to participate fully in public life and have their voices heard by those in power," and much more. Editor's Note - The rights of women in Islam are in stark contrast to the limitations of women's rights made--in the name of Islam--by the Taliban government in Afghanistan.

  14. Women's Rights in Islam Compared to Political Oppression ( - Shorish-Shamley)
      Uses texts of Qur'an and Hadiths to declare that women are equal to men in Islam.


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